‘Anything that starts with Duke Ellington ends with an assassination attempt on the Fuhrer!’ -Nazi propaganda minister Josef Goebbels.
He knew the power of music. As self-proclaimed arbiter of culture, Goebbels was quick to vilify swing: He denounced it as niggerjazz, jazzbazillus, cultural bolshevism, and modernism. …Goebbels feared jazz and its potency. Jazz made people dance, not goose-step; laugh, not salute; sing, not hail Hitler. It was an ideological challenge to fascism, the antithesis of everything Nazism stood for.